Elders are responsible for the spiritual oversight and leadership of the local church.
“if anyone is above reproach, the husband of one wife, and his children are believers and not open to the charge of debauchery or insubordination. 7 For an overseer, as God’s steward, must be above reproach. He must not be arrogant or quick-tempered or a drunkard or violent or greedy for gain, 8 but hospitable, a lover of good, self-controlled, upright, holy, and disciplined. 9 He must hold firm to the trustworthy word as taught, so that he may be able to give instruction in sound doctrine and also to rebuke those who contradict it.”
Titus 1:6-9 (ESV)
“The saying is trustworthy: If anyone aspires to the office of overseer, he desires a noble task. 2 Therefore an overseer must be above reproach, the husband of one wife, sober-minded, self-controlled, respectable, hospitable, able to teach, 3 not a drunkard, not violent but gentle, not quarrelsome, not a lover of money. 4 He must manage his own household well, with all dignity keeping his children submissive, 5 for if someone does not know how to manage his own household, how will he care for God’s church? 6 He must not be a recent convert, or he may become puffed up with conceit and fall into the condemnation of the devil. 7 Moreover, he must be well thought of by outsiders, so that he may not fall into disgrace, into a snare of the devil.
1 Timothy 3:1-7 (ESV)
Doctrine — Ensuring that the doctrine of the church is biblical; all doctrinal issues in the church will be settled by the Elder Board. Therefore, the Elders oversee all the teaching ministries in the church.
Direction — Ensuring that the direction of the church is consistent first and foremost with God’s Word, and secondarily with Redemption Bible Chapel St Thomas’ mission and vision.
Discipline — Administering in love and humility the process of church discipline that as outlined in Matthew 18:15-20; Galatians 6:1-4; Titus 3:10; 2 Thessalonians 3:14-15; 1 Timothy 5:17-25; 1 Corinthians 5:2; 2 Corinthians 2:5-11; and Romans 16:17.
The Scriptures teach that a plurality of men called elders governed individual New Testament churches (Acts 14:23, 20:28; Titus 1:5; Philippians 1:1). The Scripture does not mention any congregations featuring a stand-alone pastor as sole leader, nor does it teach the church is to be run like our political system with representation and voting. Jesus Christ is the head of the church (1 Peter 5:4), the elders are to follow HIs leadership as under-shepherds (1 Peter 5:2-4) and lead the church with humility, service, and sacrifice (John 13:1-20).
Deacons are responsible for administrative leadership and service to the local church.
“8 Deacons likewise must be dignified, not double-tongued, not addicted to much wine, not greedy for dishonest gain. 9 They must hold the mystery of the faith with a clear conscience. 10 And let them also be tested first; then let them serve as deacons if they prove themselves blameless. 11 Their wives likewise must be dignified, not slanderers, but sober-minded, faithful in all things. 12 Let deacons each be the husband of one wife, managing their children and their own households well. 13 For those who serve well as deacons gain a good standing for themselves and also great confidence in the faith that is in Christ Jesus.”
1 Timothy 3:8-13
The Bible teaches that deacons lead by serving (Acts 6). Deacons/deaconesses are faithful, godly servants in the church who serve under the authority of the Elders in various capacities within the church body.